There are so many skin care products available today, and all of them aiming for specific types of skin, where ones can make your skin shine, and other ones can cause more harm.
Have you ever wondered what skin type do you have? Let me try to explain the differences between each skin type and what skin care routine is right for you.
Today dermatologists determine five main skin types. Those are combination skin, sensitive skin, normal skin, oily skin, and dry skin.
This skin type usually has oily T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) and dry on the cheeks. Sometimes oily skin can be more visible on the other locations.
As a general rule, if you noticed that your skin in some areas dry and in some oily, it means you have combination skin. Combination skin features large pores, blackheads and oily shine.
To reduce dryness on the cheeks choice light moisturiser. Gel-like cleansers that contain glycerin will be the best option for combination skin. Hyaluronic acid toners or serums can be used on the dry areas to provide better hydration.
If you frequently notice skin irritations, redness, itching and burning feelings, dryness, then most likely you have a sensitive type of skin.
This skin types do not require any special care but require you to be careful about the ingredients you are using in your skin care products.
The best way to look after sensitive skin is to figure out what types of products or ingredients trigger its sensitivity and causing irritations. It is essential to use skin care and beauty products that are suitable for sensitive skin.
You will need to have a more careful look at the information about the product and its ingredients. To minimise potential reaction from new skin care products on your face, try to use it on the inner forearm.
With the normal type of skin, you will not experience excessive oil, large pores. Furthermore, imperfections will be minimal. Normal skin type is balanced and neither dry or oily.
It does not mean you should not look after your skin at all. Oppositely, you should, and you have the most skin care and beauty products choices.
Likely, you are not constrained by the ingredients as much as sensitive skin users.
This skin type features large pores, shiny or dull skin surface, and usual to have blackheads or blemishes. Excessive oil can clog the pores and cause acne and irritations.
On the other hand, oily skin is less prone to visible wrinkles and naturally well moisturised.
It is essential to use gentle cleanser or exfoliator at the beginning of your skincare routine to clean the pores and remove impurities from the skin surface.
Try to look for skin care products designed for oily skin. Those are usually water-based. Avoid oil-based creams, as they will contribute more to the oily shine.
Dry skin will feel tight and dull, pores are small, and complexion is rough. This skin type tends to crack easily, flake and irritate.
The most important aspect of dry skin is to provide enough moisturisation. You will need to use moisturises and moisturising creams.
The best moisturisers for dry skin are creams, serums or toners that contain hyaluronic acid, glycerin and propylene glycol.
With age, dry skin tends to have more visible fine-lines. Thus, the need for moisturisers the skin increases dramatically. Choosing moisturising anti-ageing skin care products can help to minimise visible wrinkles and make your skin look healthy and fresh.
Dehydration may also contribute to dry skin, so try to drink more water and avoid alcohol and caffeine.
So what skin type do you have?
Here is a short conclusion to help you determine your skin type:
- Combination: oily on T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) and dry on cheeks.
- Normal: not too oily, not too dry, but balanced skin.
- Oily: frequent excessive oil and oily shine, with large pores.
- Dry: tight, dull, small pores and rough complexion.
- Sensitive: frequent irritation, redness and itching feelings.